Law of Contracts in Times of Covid-19 Pandemic: Polish Report

Radosław Strugała ABSTARCT As the world struggles with the Covid-19 pandemic, the debtors try to perform their contractual obligations despite the hardship it brings about. In the meantime contract lawyers are focused on trying and finding remedies that would help face the new circumstances. The remedies that enable the parties either to modify the contract […]

Relevance of Contract Law Solutions Under a Pandemic

Reza Moradinejad   ABSTRACT Table of contents 1. Force Majeure: A Plausible Solution 1.1. Characteristics of Force Majeure 1.2. Effects of Force Majeure 2. Revision of Contract for Imprévision: An Impossible Solution 2.1. Imprévision under the Civil Code of Lower Canada 2.2. Evolution of Quebec Contract Law: More Place for Equity 2.3. Civil Law Reform […]

Impact of Covid-19 pandemic on contractual relationships: the case of Estonia

Karin Sein-Kai Härmand   ABSTRACT Table of contents 1. General contract law rules: restrictions due to the Covid-19 pandemic as force majeure 2. Adaptation or termination of contracts due to Covid-19 pandemic under the doctrine of change of circumstances 3. Regulatory allocation of risks for specific contract types 4. New regulatory provisions due to the […]

The Impact of Covid-19 in Chilean Contract Law

Rodrigo Momberg Uribe, Alberto Pino Emhart ABSTRACT Table of contents I. Introduction II. Administrative regulations enacted to deal with the crisis 1. Consumer contracts and SERNAC’s directives 2. Consumer credits and CMF’s directives 3. Construction contracts with the State 4. CGR and contracts with the State. Dictamen No. 6854-20 5. Chile Compra and contracts with […]

The Impact of the Health Emergency on Contract Law: National Report Peru

Daniel Ugarte Mostajo, Raúl F. Zúñiga ABSTRACT Table of contents I. Peruvian contract law provisions dealing with circumstances interfering with contractual performance 1. General framework 2. Impossibility of performance due to unforeseen circumstances or force majeure 3. Excessive onerousness of the performance or hardship 4. The disputed application of the frustration of purpose II. Application […]

An overview of the colombian contract law, in times of the Covid-19 pandemic

Isué Natalia Vargas Brand ABSTRACT This paper notes the potential contract law rules applicable in the Colombian legal system to contracts affected by the economic crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. Also, it points out the different temporary Decrees enacted by the Colombian government to mitigate the effects of the pandemic in Contract Law. KEYWORDS […]

The Impact of Covid-19 in Mexican Contract Law

Edgardo Muñoz, Romina Guarneros   ABSTRACT Table of contents I. Introduction II. Administrative regulations enacted and private stakeholders’ initiatives to encourage or force contract performance in times of Covid-19 2.1. The main Federal Directive by the Federal Health Secretariat 2.2. Real estate and business loan contracts with banks 2.3. Housing and business lease agreements 2.4. […]

Environmental Law in the Middle East and North Africa

Zainab Lokhandwala   ABSTRACT This paper analyses the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) region against the backdrop of two themes: climate action and human rights. In the climate context, the renewable energy sector will certainly suffer in the immediate aftermath of Covid 19. At the same time, […]

Climate and environmental approaches in the United States and Canada at the outbreak of the 2020 pandemic

Pasquale Viola ABSTRACT The essay deals with the issues triggered by environmental policies and Covid-19 pandemic in the United States and Canada. The analysis starts with an outline of the environmental law systems and the main responses to the pandemic, then emphasizing the focal legal concerns about the emergency measures and environmental policies. The last […]

The impact of Covid-19 crisis on the French law of contract

Olivier Deshayes   The effect of the Covid-19 on contracts comes not as much from the virus itself than from the containment measures imposed by Governments which made it hard, if not impossible, for debtors to perform their obligations. This is why the crisis, as regards contracts, really started in France in the midst of […]