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The Impact of Covid-19 in Mexican Contract Law

Edgardo Muñoz, Romina Guarneros   ABSTRACT Table of contents I. Introduction II. Administrative regulations enacted and private stakeholders’ initiatives to encourage or force contract performance in times of Covid-19 2.1. The main Federal Directive by the Federal Health Secretariat 2.2. Real estate and business loan contracts with banks 2.3. Housing and business lease agreements 2.4. […]

Environmental Law in the Middle East and North Africa

Zainab Lokhandwala   ABSTRACT This paper analyses the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) region against the backdrop of two themes: climate action and human rights. In the climate context, the renewable energy sector will certainly suffer in the immediate aftermath of Covid 19. At the same time, […]

Climate and environmental approaches in the United States and Canada at the outbreak of the 2020 pandemic

Pasquale Viola ABSTRACT The essay deals with the issues triggered by environmental policies and Covid-19 pandemic in the United States and Canada. The analysis starts with an outline of the environmental law systems and the main responses to the pandemic, then emphasizing the focal legal concerns about the emergency measures and environmental policies. The last […]

The impact of Covid-19 crisis on the French law of contract

Olivier Deshayes   The effect of the Covid-19 on contracts comes not as much from the virus itself than from the containment measures imposed by Governments which made it hard, if not impossible, for debtors to perform their obligations. This is why the crisis, as regards contracts, really started in France in the midst of […]

The Impact of Covid-19 in German Contract Law

Christian Johannes Wahnschaffe   ABSTRACT Table of contents I. Covid-19 as an Impediment to Performance under German Contract Law I.1. Impossibility of Performance I.2. Disproportionality of Performance and Fundamental Change of Circumstances I.3. Contractual Remedies II. Contemporary Legislative Responses in the Wake of the Covid-19 Pandemic II.1. Temporary Moratoriums on “Essential” Continuous Obligations, Art. 240 […]

Covid-19 pandemic and Greek Contract Law

Zafeirios N. Tsolakidis ABSTRACT Table of contents I. The Covid-19 pandemic and its impact in contracts II. General Contract Law Provisions II.1. Impossibility II.2. Debtor’s default II.3. Creditor’s default III. New regulatory provisions III.1. Contracts of Lease III.2. Commercial papers III.3. Flights, sea trips and travels III.V. Employment Contracts IV. Pandemic and contractual clauses IV.1. […]