Citizenship and Membership: Theory and Challenges in Times of Global Crises. Decision making and algorithm. The European Union’s proposal

Authors: Fulvio Constantino


Human beings all over the world are today more “post-national” thanks to technology, which is able to create even more intense bridges and bonds between people far away from the world than those close to us, and therefore on the one hand often makes it difficult understanding or accepting which law is applicable to a specific case, on the other hand, suggests treating subjects who use the same tools in the same way, beyond their formal citizenship. With the digital citizenship notion, we mean a set of rights and duties of citizens defined within the Internet. The following appear to be involved: the need for inclusion, as forms of exclusion may arise from the refusal or the impossibility of using technologies; the need for skills, above all technical and legal, to deal with the digital context; the need for participation, so that digitization can fully deploy its social and civic benefits. On the other hand, however, digitization can even lead to the situation in which men are deprived of the human rights guaranteed by citizenship and therefore find themselves without any rights. All these aspects are intended to be discussed in this paper.

Keywords: Digital citizenship – Rights – Technological inclusion – Digitalization – European Union