Artificial Intelligence and the governance of migration: potentialities and pitfalls between technological neutrality and political design

Authors: Simone Penasa


The article provides a general framework, in a comparative and multilevel perspective, of the current technological and legal state of the art of the use of systems equipped with AI in the sphere of migration policies. Taking the case of “smart borders” as a paradigmatic sphere, the potentials and risks deriving from such an intertwining are analysed, proposing, in the light of the current normative initiatives adopted at a comparative level, some possible regulatory tools, with the general objective of guaranteeing the integration between the efficiency of technological tools implemented and international standards of protection of fundamental rights.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence – Smart borders – Immigration – Fundamental rights – European Union